Received During the 2022-2023
Academic School Year:
The Original Meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment by Randy E. Barnett; Evan D. Bernick; James Oakes (Foreword by)A renowned constitutional scholar and a rising star provide a balanced and definitive analysis of the origins and original meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment. Adopted in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment profoundly changed the Constitution, giving the federal judiciary and Congress new powers to protect the fundamental rights of individuals from being violated by the states. Yet, according to Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick, the Supreme Court has long misunderstood or ignored the original meaning of the amendment's key clauses, covering the privileges and immunities of citizenship, due process of law, and the equal protection of the laws. Barnett and Bernick contend that the Fourteenth Amendment was the culmination of decades of debates about the meaning of the antebellum Constitution. Antislavery advocates advanced arguments informed by natural rights, the Declaration of Independence, and the common law. They also utilized what is today called public-meaning originalism. Although their arguments lost in the courts, the Republican Party was formed to advance an antislavery political agenda, eventually bringing about abolition. Then, when abolition alone proved insufficient to thwart Southern repression and provide for civil equality, the Fourteenth Amendment was enacted. It went beyond abolition to enshrine in the Constitution the concept of Republican citizenship and granted Congress power to protect fundamental rights and ensure equality before the law. Finally, Congress used its powers to pass Reconstruction-era civil rights laws that tell us much about the original scope of the amendment. With evenhanded attention to primary sources, The Original Meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment shows how the principles of the Declaration eventually came to modify the Constitution and proposes workable doctrines for implementing the key provisions of Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Call Number: KF4558 14th .B37 2021
Publication Date: 2021-11-02
Echoes of the Gospel in Harry Potter by Clay MyattThe best-selling book series of all time and the best-selling book of all time--do they have anything in common? And if so, might there be a reason for that? Echoes of the Gospel in Harry Potter suggests that there is a profound connection between these two beloved and inspirational stories and, moreover, that it is the connection between the two that has caused them to be so widely read and enjoyed.Each chapter sheds light on this connection from a different angle by unpacking how either an aspect of the magical world, a character, or a theme in Harry Potter echoes the gospel--the story the Bible is telling that finds its climax in Jesus Christ. Whether Christian or non-Christian, well-versed in the Bible or unfamiliar with it, fans of the Harry Potter series will find this an illuminating and captivating read.
Call Number: PR6068.O93 Z76 2021
Publication Date: 2021-09-09
Military History of Late Rome 602-641 by Ilkka SyvänneMilitary History of Late Rome 602-641 provides a fresh analysis of the Roman Empire from the reign of Phocas (602-10) until the death of Heraclius (610-41). This was an era of unprecedented upheavals which is usually considered to have resulted in the end of antiquity. The usurpations of Phocas and Heraclius led to the collapse of the Roman defenses; The Persians conquered Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Egypt; The Avars and Slavs ravaged the Balkans; The Lombards held the upper hand in Italy; the Visigoths conquered Spain; But then happened one of the most remarkable reversals of fortune in the history of mankind. Heraclius began his holy war against the fire-worshippers. He launched a very effective counterattack against the Persians as a result of which the Romans not only defeated the Persians but actually even extended their domains at their expense, and not only this, because by 633 Heraclius was already restoring the Roman fortunes in the Balkans. This volume revises many of the previously held views of how this took place and what actually happened. The Roman armies seemed invincible and then happened yet another great reversal of fortune - the Muslims began their jihad to conquer the world. The author provides a fresh analysis of all of these upheavals; explains in detail why these reversals of fortune happened; what enabled the Romans to defeat the Persians; and why the Romans lost when they fought against the Muslims and, conversely, why the Muslims were so successful. This was an era of epic campaigns and battles all of which are explained in unprecedented detail. The epic campaigns needed equally talented commanders who include, for example, Heraclius, Chosroes II Parwez, Shahrbaraz, Shahin, Abu Bakr, Umar, Abu Ubaydah, and Khalid b. al-Walid, the Sword of Allah.
Call Number: DF574 .S98 2022
Publication Date: 2022-12-14
Mindful of Race by Ruth King"Racism is a heart disease," writes Ruth King, "and it's curable." Exploring a crucial topic seldom addressed in meditation instruction, this revered teacher takes to her pen to shine a compassionate, provocative, and practical light into a deeply neglected and world-changing domain profoundly relevant to all of us. With Mindful of Race, Ruth King offers: Tend first to our suffering, listen to what it is trying to teach us, and direct its energies most effectively for change. Here, she invites us to explore: Ourselves as racial beings, the dynamics of oppression, and our role in racism * The power of paying homage to our most turbulent emotions, and perceiving the wisdom they hold * Key mindfulness tools to understand and engage with racial tension * Identifying our "soft spots" of fear and vulnerability--how we defend them and how to heal them * Embracing discomfort, which is a core competency for transformation * How our thoughts and emotions "rigidify" our sense of self--and how to return to the natural flow of who we are * Body, breath, and relaxation practices to befriend and direct our inner resources * Identifying our most sensitive "activation points" and tending to them with caring awareness * "It's not just your pain"--the generational constellations of racial rage and ignorance and how to work with them * And many other compelling topics Drawing on her expertise as a meditation teacher and diversity consultant, King helps readers of all backgrounds examine with fresh eyes the complexity of racial identity and the dynamics of oppression. She offers guided instructions on how to work with our own role in the story of race and shows us how to cultivate a culture of care to come to a place of greater clarity and compassion.
Publication Date: 2018-06-01
The Goddess Myth in Contemporary Literature and Popular Culture by Mary J. MagoulickGoddess characters are revered as feminist heroes in the popular media of many cultures. However, these goddess characters often prove to be less promising and more regressive than most people initially perceive. Goddesses in film, television, and fiction project worldviews and messages that reflect mostly patriarchal culture (included essentialized gender assumptions), in contrast to the feminist, empowering levels many fans and critics observe. Building on critiques of other skeptical scholars, this feminist, folkloristic approach deepens how our remythologizing of the ancient past reflects a contemporary worldview and rhetoric. Structures of contemporary goddess myths often fit typical extremes as either vilified, destructive, dark, and chaotic (typical in film or television); or romanticized, positive, even utopian (typical in women's speculative fiction). This goddess spectrum persistently essentializes gender, stereotyping women as emotional, intuitive, sexual, motherly beings (good or bad), precluded from complex potential and fuller natures. Within apparent good-over-evil, pop-culture narrative frames, these goddesses all suffer significantly. However, a few recent intersectional writers, like N. K. Jemisin, breakthrough these dark reflections of contemporary power dynamics to offer complex characters who evince "hopepunk." They resist typical simplified, reductionist absolutes to offer messages that resonate with potential for today's world. Mythic narratives featuring goddesses often do, but need not, serve merely as ideological mirrors of our culture's still problematically reductionist approach to women and all humanity.
Thought under Threat by Miguel de BeisteguiThought under Threat reveals and combats the forces diminishing the power and role of critical thinking, whether in our individual lives or collectively. Thought under Threat is an attempt to understand the tendencies that threaten thinking from within. These tendencies have always existed. But today they are on the rise and frequently encouraged, even in our democracies. People "disagree" with science and distrust experts. Political leaders appeal to the hearts and guts of "the people," rather than their critical faculties. Stupidity has become a right, if not a badge of honor; superstition is on the rise; and spite is a major political force. Thinking is considered "elitist." To see those obstacles as vices of thought, Miguel de Beistegui argues, we need to understand stupidity not as a lack of intelligence or judgment, but as the tendency to raise false problems and trivial questions. Similarly, we need to see spite not as a moral vice, but as a poison that blurs and distorts our critical faculties. Finally, superstition is best described not as a set of false beliefs, but as a system that neutralizes one's ability to think for oneself. For de Beistegui, thinking is intrinsically democratic and a necessary condition for the exercise of freedom. Thought under Threat shows how a training of thought itself can be used to ward off those vices, lead to productive deliberation, and, ultimately, create a thinking community.
Call Number: B105.T54 B48 2022
Publication Date: 2022-01-18
Archaeology of the Mediterranean During Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages by Angelo Castrorao Barba (Editor); Davide Tanasi (Editor); Roberto Miccichè (Editor)Varied approaches to an overlooked timeperiod in the history and archaeology of the Mediterranean Thisbook presents multidisciplinary perspectives on Greece, Corsica, Malta, andSicily from the fourth to the thirteenth centuries, an often-overlooked time inthe history of the central Mediterranean. The research approaches and areas ofspecialization collected here range from material culture to landscapesettlement patterns, from epigraphy to architecture and architecturaldecoration, and from funerary archaeology to urban fabric and cityscapes. Topicscovered in these chapters include late Roman villas; the formation of Byzantineand Islamic settlements in western Sicily; reuse of protohistoric sites inlate antiquity and the middle ages in eastern Sicily; early Christianlandscapes and settlements in Corsica; the transition from late antiquitythrough Byzantine rule to Muslim conquest in Malta; trade network trajectoriesof the Aegean islands and Crete; and crosscultural interactions in medievalGreece. Together, these essays show the potential of post-Ancient andpost-Classical archaeology, highlighting missing links between the Roman worldand medieval Byzantium and broadening the horizons of new generations ofarchaeologists. Contributors: Carla Aleo Nero | Effie F. Athanassopoulos | Giuseppe Bazan | AmeliaR. Brown | Gabriele Castiglia | Angelo Castrorao Barba | David Cardona | SantinoAlessandro Cugno | Michael J. Decker | Franco Dell'Aquila | Scott Gallimore | MattKing | Rosa Lanteri | Pasquale Marino | Roberto Miccichè | Philippe Pergola | FilippoPisciotta | Natalia Poulou | Grant Schrama | Claudia Speciale | Davide Tanasi