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Information Evaluation

What is Fake News???

There is no agreed upon definition of fake news. Some define it very narrowly:

It is generally false or misleading information presented as news.

How to Spot Websites that are Fake or are Mimicking:

  • Look for contact information with a verifiable address and affiliation.
  • Look for an About page, often in the header or footer of the home page. Read the About page closely for evidence of partisanship or bias.  If there's no About page and no Contact page, be very skeptical.
  • In staff listings (or on the About page), look critically at the list of executives. Are they real people or stock photos? Open a new tab and look for another profile of the individual (e.g. LinkedIn).
  • Perform an independent search for the news source. Compare and verify URLs.
    Example: (fake site) is not the ABC Network News, but the logo and the URL are almost identical.

Be on the lookout for satire (for example, The Onion).

Here is a Wikipedia page that contains all of the known fake websites: Wikipedia's list of fake news websites

Image created by Sarah Wasko


image credit: Huffington Post

Fact-Checking Websites
A project of the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg Public Policy Center.
The Center for Responsive Politics is a nonpartisan nonprofit organization. The website tracks money in U.S. politics and its effect on elections and public policy.

A project of the Tampa Bay Times

Vote Smart
Provides information on candidates for political office, legislation, and the judicial branch.

Washington Post: The Fact Checker
Fact checking on Congress, the President, recent elections, and more.

New York Times: Fact Checks

Political TV Ad Archive
From the Internet Archive

American Press Institute's Fact Checking Resources
Vetted resources for fact checkers

Duke Reporter's Lab
Fact checking news and links to global fact checking sites

Center for Public Integrity
News about ethics, campaign donations, lobbying and influence in government.